Fluoride emission factors
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An attempt was made to generate fluoride emission factor data for a fast- and single-fired ceramic floor-tile kiln located in Turkey. Desired emission factors were calculated from stack-gas measurements and mass-balance determinations. Suitably sampled stack-gas emissions as well as unfired and fired ceramic products were pretreated, isolated and then analyzed for fluoride content. Data was obtained using the potentiometric ISE technique in association with the TISAB buffer solution.