Co-pyrolysis of oil shale and biomass
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In this study, co-pyrolytic behaviors of oil shale and Euphorbia rigida were investigated at different temperatures in a fixed bed reactor at 450, 500, and 550 °C with a heating rate of 10 °C min-1 in the presence of nitrogen atmosphere. The obtained solid product (char) and liquid product (bio-oil) were analyzed by using different types of characterization techniques. The characterization of char was performed in terms of its FT-IR spectroscopy, BET and SEM. The bio-oil was characterized by GC-MS and FT-IR spectroscopies. Experimental results showed co-pyrolysis of oil shale and biomass could be an environmentally friendly way for the transformation of these precursors into valuable products such as chemicals or fuels.