Vocabulary learning strategies and their effect on Turkish EFL learners outcomes
AuthorMutlu Ekmekçi, Neslihan
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This study aims at establishing the vocabulary learning strategies used by Turkish EFL learners, and investigating the effects of these strategies on their English learning outcomes. For this purpose a descriptive study was conducted among the freshman at Anadolu University, Education Faculty, English Language Teaching Department. In this study, being a replication, all data were collected with the administration of a Vocabulary Learning Strategies Questionnaire including all the independent variables and a vocabulary size test and TOEFL practice exam for language proficiency as the dependent variables to all freshman. However, deletion of missing data defined the number of subjects as 120. As a result of the descriptive statistics of the vocabulary learning, strategies questionnaire subjects reported using a wide variety of vocabulary learning strategies. Then the replies to the questionnaire were correlated with the results on the vocabulary size test and the TOEFL exam (language proficiency). In a multiple regression analysis, using word structure emerged as positive, but visual repetition and activation as negative predictors of TOEFL results. Only Selective Attention emerged as a positive predictor of vocabulary size test. In conclusion, results showed that, although subjects tend to use a variety of strategies, there was not much relation with the two dependent variables. Furthermore, correlation analysis showed that more strategies were related to vocabulary size, whereas, multiple regression analysis revealed a similar relation to both variables.
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